okeechobee hurricane facts
In Puerto Rico, since European colonization, storms and hurricanes were named after the name of the saint's day that the storm hit the island. 1928. Government offices, hospitals, and school were also damaged. Winds at Canal Point, adjacent to the lake, were estimated as high as 160 mph (257 km/h); the anemometer blew away after reporting sustained winds of 75 mph (121 km/h). Get other interesting facts about Lake Okeechobee below: Facts about Lake Okeechobee 1: the counties. 117-123. The hurricane killed an estimated 2,500 people in the United States; most of the fatalities occurred in the state of Florida, particularly in Lake Okeechobee. , Montserrat, just north of the storm's center, was warned in advance of the storm but still suffered £150,000 (1928 UKP) in damages and 42 deaths; Plymouth and Salem were devastated, and crop losses caused near-starvation conditions before relief could arrive. At least 2,500 people drowned, while damage was estimated at $25 million. More than 18 inches of rain fell in a day.  Agricultural losses in the area surrounding Lake Okeechobee were also significant, with virtually all crops destroyed and over 150 tractors suffering damage. The disaster, also known as the San Felipe Segundo hurricane, ranks among the deadliest disasters in the nation’s history. Food crops were nearly wiped out. The disaster, also known as the San Felipe Segundo hurricane, ranks among the deadliest disasters in the nation’s history. Two boats were wrecked as they washed ashore in Grand Turk, although the crews were saved. In 2000, the West Palm Beach burial site was reacquired by the city of West Palm Beach and plans for construction of a memorial began. In the 1920s, Florida officials built a dike across the southern rim of the 400,000-acre Lake Okeechobee. At the Fort Montague Hotel, the windows, doors, and furniture were badly damaged. With 210 mile-per-hour winds at landfall, Hurricane Camille (1969) is the strongest hurricane to strike land. The storm made landfall near West Palm Beach, Florida, early on September 17, with winds of 145 mph (233 km/h). , In South Bay, nearly all houses were destroyed and several buildings were unroofed. Over Virginia, the then tropical storm turned to the northwest, ultimately merging with a low pressure system near Toronto, Canada on 20 September. Gainesville: University Press of Florida. However, brick and concrete dwellings suffered little damage. Tobacco, coffee, sugar, and citrus fruit crops were decimated, with coffee growers losing what had previously appeared to be the most promising harvest in several years and citrus growers losing their entire crop but managing to save most of the tress. The resulting flood covered an area of hundreds of square miles with water that in some places was more than 20 ft (6 m) deep. , In the immediate aftermath of the storm, relief arrived from nearby areas such as Miami. 1997. The worst tragedy occurred at inland Lake Okeechobee in Florida, where the hurricane caused a lake surge of 6 to 9 ft that inundated the surrounding area. The refugees were unaware that the house was moving until it collided with a railroad embankment. By comparison, the weaker 1899 San Ciriaco hurricane killed approximately 3,000 people. In Bartow, business building windows were shattered and signs were knocked down, while several roofs and chimneys also suffered damage. 2009. Thirteen people were killed on the island of Nevis. Because these measurements were taken 30 mi (48 km) from San Felipe's eye, at the time, it seemed possible that some estimates of 200 mi (320 km) per hour near the center of the storm were not overdrawn. Overall, the hurricane caused $100 million in damage and killed at least 4,112 people.  In Chosen, only two people escaped a house that had sheltered nineteen people. Early on the following day, the system weakened to a tropical storm and became an extratropical cyclone over North Carolina hours later. , While the hurricane was passing nearby, Grand Turk reported winds of 120 mph (193 km/h). The highest rainfall total was 12.53 inches (318 mm) at Darlington, South Carolina. At Belle Glade, one of the hardest hit areas, the floodwaters rose to a height of 2.1 meters (7 ft) at a rate of about 25 mm (1 in) per minute. Almost 4,100 people died in the northeast Caribbean, Puerto Rico and from southeast Florida to North Carolina. Although it is big, most of it are quite shallow. Lake Okeechobee (700 square miles [1,800 square km]) is the third largest freshwater lake entirely within the United States (after Lake Michigan and Alaska’s Iliamna Lake).  All commercial and government buildings on the island were destroyed, as were more than 600 homes.  Agriculture was significantly affected, with the storm destroying what may have been the largest "citrus crop in the history of the industry". The storm made landfall in South Florida on September 17 in Palm Beach County. Before it even made landfall in West Palm Beach, … Nearby, the Rainbow Pier had only structural damage to its railings, though the pier office was blown away. The Lake Okeechobee hurricane resulted to a storm that breached the 35-foot high dike that had been constructed around the lake to facilitate farming. The first blow was the 1926 Miami Hurricane, which missed Lake Okeechobee to the south, but flooded Moore Haven by piling water over the dike on the west side of the lake. Okeechobee, FL Micro Area 1: The 2004 Nonemployer totals may be low due to late tax reporting in hurricane-impacted counties/regions in Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas. The next day, a ship reported winds of 60 mph (95 km/h), or tropical storm status; on this basis, the Atlantic hurricane reanalysis project estimated that the system attained tropical storm status late on September 6. When did the San Felipe’s Hurricane happen: September 16 1928. Until Hurricane Maria 89 years later, San Felipe II was officially classified as Puerto Rico's biggest, worst, and most devastating hurricane to ever have hit the island. http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/general/lib/lib1/nhclib/mwreviews/1928.pdf, NOAA Hurricane History , While the storm was passing near Dominica, the San Juan, Puerto Rico Weather Bureau warned about the threat of the hurricane which would strike the island within a day or two.  Approximately 85%–95% of banana crops were destroyed, 70%–80% of tree crops suffered severe damage, and 40% of the sugar cane crop was ruined. The greatest devastation occurred, however, along the south shore of Lake Okeechobee. Residents of the island were well prepared for the storm, however, and as a result the island had a fairly low death toll of about 300. A hurricane makes “landfall” when its center, not its edge, crosses the coastline. The Okeechobee hurricane, also known as San Felipe Segundo hurricane, was the second deadliest tropical cyclone in the history of the United States, behind only the 1900 Galveston hurricane.The fourth tropical cyclone, third hurricane, and only major hurricane of the 1928 season, this system developed just offshore the west coast of Africa on September 6.  This was the only mass gravesite to receive a timely memorial.. 9. The 1928 Okeechobee hurricane, also called the San Felipe hurricane, was a very devastating tropical cyclone. On Saint Croix, nearly all of the island's 11,000 residents suffered some degree of loss. Six other fatalities occurred west of Jupiter after a school where people sought shelter collapsed. The northeast portion of the island received winds in excess of Category 3 strength, with hurricane-force winds lasting as long as 18 hours. In the weeks prior to the storm, heavy rainfall had caused the lake to rise 3 ft (0.91 m) between August 10 and September 10 and filled nearby canals and ditches. The Lake Okeechobee hurricane disaster of 1928 in South Florida remains the second- deadliest tropical cyclone in American history. , For the 1876 hurricane with a similar name, see, Effects of the 1928 Okeechobee hurricane in Florida, Hurricane of 1928 African American Mass Burial Site, Calendar of saints § Connection to tropical cyclones, List of disasters in the United States by death toll, Documentation of Atlantic Tropical Cyclones Changes in HURDAT, "The West Indian Hurricane of September 10–20, 1928", 10.1175/1520-0493(1928)56<347:TWIHOS>2.0.CO;2, "Atlantic hurricane best track (HURDAT version 2)", "Notes on the Tropical Cyclones of Puerto Rico", "FAQ E12: For the USA, what are the 30 highest death toll hurricanes on record? Fifteen people were injured by a roof collapse while taking refuge in the auditorium of a high school. Hurricane Information For Okeechobee County, FL Okeechobee County, FL is in a very high risk hurricane zone. Nulla facilisi. The site was listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places in 2002 and a state historical marker was added in 2003 during events to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the hurricane. , In Fort Myers, property damage was slight, limited mostly to scores of small boats and fishing shacks along the waterfront. (Some estimates put that number closer […] Web.  Strong winds up to 50 mph (80 km/h) affected the Jacksonville area, resulting in minor damage at Jacksonville Beach. A building occupied by a restaurant and a store was flattened. Throughout the state, 32,000 households were left without telephone service and 400 poles were broken and about 2,500 others leaning. It curved north-northeast and briefly emerged into the Atlantic on September 18, but soon made another landfall near Edisto Island, South Carolina, with winds of 85 mph (137 km/h). A short distance to the north, a warehouse was flattened.  Warnings were also posted for 12 ports along the southern coast, causing ships to avoid the island or remain at port. Mar-a-Lago suffered few effects other than uprooted trees and the destruction of a large Roman-style window, according to Marjorie Merriweather Post. A house that was full of people floated about half a mile (0.8 km) from its original location. Around midday on September 13, the storm strengthened into a Category 5 hurricane and peaked with sustained winds of 160 mph (260 km/h). This hurricane caused heavy casualties and extensive destruction along its path from the Leeward Islands to Florida. The cyclone turned to the north-northwest, moving quickly through the eastern United States. Monthly Weather Review 1928 Hurricane Season An estimated 2,500 Floridians lost their lives as a result of the Okeechobee Hurricane in 1928. On September 16, 1928, the Okeechobee Hurricane made landfall in Palm Beach, Florida. The 1928 Okeechobee hurricane, also called the San Felipe hurricane, was a very devastating tropical cyclone. , The storm destroyed hundreds of home on Antigua, including a doctor's home and a "poor house". , The hurricane quickly weakened as it progressed inland and moved over Lake Okeechobee, although its large size enabled it to maintain hurricane status for several more days. The anemometer located in Puerta de Tierra lost one of its cups at 11:44 am on September 13, just when it had registered a maximum speed of 150 mph (240 km/h) —a speed that was sustained for five consecutive minutes. In real life, the 1928 hurricane killed between 2,500 and 3,000 people, mostly black migrant farmers and pioneers whose bodies were buried … , African-American writer Zora Neale Hurston explored the effects of the hurricane on black migrant workers in her seminal 1937 novel, Their Eyes Were Watching God.  Continuing to the west-northwest, the hurricane passed about 10 mi (16 km) south of Saint Croix before approaching Puerto Rico. The Okeechobee hurricane, also known as San Felipe Segundo hurricane, was the second deadliest tropical cyclone in the history of the United States, behind only the 1900 Galveston hurricane.The fourth tropical cyclone, third hurricane, and only major hurricane of the 1928 season, this system developed just offshore the west coast of Africa on September 6. An estimated 2,500 Floridians lost their lives as a result of the Okeechobee Hurricane in 1928. Further intensification was slow and halted late on September 7.  In Orlando, damage to properties was described as slight. Damage totaled over $2 million. The Red Cross estimated the number of fatalities as 1,836, which was taken as the official count by the National Weather Service for many years. At the Cloister Inn, windows were shattered and the roof was damaged; across the street, 32 freight cars belonging to a train along the Florida East Coast Railway were tossed by the wind into a nearby ditch. The Lake Okeechobee hurricane resulted to a storm that breached the 35-foot high dike that had been constructed around the lake to facilitate farming. The lake is about 37 miles long by 30 miles wide, totaling over 730 square … The hurricane landed in Guadeloupe on September 12, 1928 as a Category 4 hurricane, killing 1,200.  Nearly all small frame houses were destroyed in Deerfield Beach, while several citizens estimated that at least 50% of homes were demolished. Winds gusting up to 70 mph (110 km/h) lashed Lakeland. An eight-year-old boy drowned in a ditch near where his family sought refuge. On September 19, the storm evolved into an extratropical cyclone, although it restrengthened slightly to hurricane status. 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