allium cepa common name
Onion. viviparum. , Considerable differences exist between onion varieties in phytochemical content, particularly for polyphenols, with shallots having the highest level, six times the amount found in Vidalia onions. 2012; 9(3): pp 374-379 /PMID: 23983369 (28) Anti-allergic effects of herbal product from Allium cepa (bulb) . Onion is a term used for many plants in the genus Allium. Allium cepa L. Genbank common name: onion NCBI BLAST name: monocots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid) Lineage( full ) Soil: Allium cepa prefers well-drained, average fertility, high in organic matter, slightly acidic soil. It is made from finely ground, dehydrated onions, mainly the pungent varieties of bulb onions, and has a strong odour. Bailey : Allium cepa var. It is resistant to damage by deer and rabbits and can be planted near black walnut trees. aggregatum) includes both shallots and potato onions. roseum Alef. Scientific Name: Allium cepa Common Names: bulb onion or onion. Allium cepa Taxonomy ID: 4679 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid4679) current name. They are known by the common name “onion” but, used without qualifiers; it usually refers to Allium cepa. viviparum (Metz) Mansf. Allium Cepa (All-c.) is a key remedy for either infectious or allergic coryza (catarrhal inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose).  Onions are therefore commonly used in science education to teach the use of a microscope for observing cell structure. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. cepa 'Walla Walla') Plants: Common Name Index A MODERN HERBAL Home Page. cepa L. Allium cepa var. General Information. Bulbs will multiply into clumps and can be harvested throughout the cooler months. multiplicans L.H. , Guinea hen weed and honey garlic contain a similar lachrymatory factor. Storage: The bulbs must be stored in … Preparation. Wiki User Answered . Onion powder is a seasoning widely used when the fresh ingredient is not available. Common Name: Onion . Alef. , I'itoi onion is a prolific multiplier onion cultivated in the Baboquivari Peak Wilderness, Arizona area. Shallots are the most important subgroup within this group and comprise the only cultivars cultivated commercially. Allium cepa is also known as the “garden onion” or “bulb” onion. Name Onion; Scientific Name: Allium cepa: Native: Central Asia: Common/English Name: Bombay Onion, Brown Onion, Bulb Onion, Common Onion, Onion: Name in Other Languages Diseases affecting the foliage include rust and smut, downy mildew, and white tip disease. The bulbs may be affected by splitting, white rot, and neck rot. Name: Allium cepa L. Harvest: Once the bulb has been extracted from the ground, it must dry in sunlight for almost a week before it can be used. How to grow and maintain Onion: Planting: Start seed indoors 8-10 weeks early and transplant outside in spring Or directly seed into the garden in early spring. The tops can also be used like chives but harvesting these will delay the bulb formation. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender.  The larvae of the onion leaf miner or leek moth (Acrolepiopsis assectella) sometimes attack the foliage and may burrow down into the bulb. chive, garlic, leek, onion, ornamental onion. However, intermediate forms exist. Forming a single layer of cells, the bulb epidermis is easy to separate for educational, experimental, and breeding purposes. The bulbs are disfigured and rot, especially in wet weather. , Cooking onions and sweet onions are better stored at room temperature, optimally in a single layer, in mesh bags in a dry, cool, dark, well-ventilated location. onion. Onions are commonly chopped and used as an ingredient in various hearty warm dishes, and may also be used as a main ingredient in their own right, for example in French onion soup, creamed onions, and onion chutney. Common Names: “onion”, including all cooking varieties: yellow onion, Spanish onion, red globe onion, white onion, sweet onion. ; Denton, O.A. They are part of a traditional British pub's ploughman's lunch, usually served with crusty bread, English cheese, and ale. They are propagated almost exclusively from daughter bulbs, although reproduction from seed is possible. Common Name: onion. , Some people suffer from allergic reactions after handling onions. Finally, "short-day" onions, which have been developed in more recent times, are planted in mild-winter areas in the autumn and form bulbs in the early spring, and require only 11–12 hours of daylight to stimulate bulb formation. ×cornutum). Scientific Name: ALLIUM CEPA: Plant Family: AMARYLLIDACEAE: English Name : ONION: Hindi Name: PALANDU, PIYAJ: Other Names: BULB ONION, GARDEN ONION, WHITE ONION: Botanical Classification (Taxonomy) Kingdom: ... Common Cold & Cough. Allium cepa. cepa L. Allium cepa var. The onion is a cultivated vegetable of great antiquity and is not known as a wild plant. Plant bulbs in moist but well-drained fertile loose soils in full sun as soon as the ground can be worked in spring about 1/2 to 1 inch deep and 6 inches apart. Symptoms are worse in the evening and in warm rooms, and are improved by open air. General information about Allium cepa (ALLCE) Possibly of Central Asian origin.  Symptoms can include contact dermatitis, intense itching, rhinoconjunctivitis, blurred vision, bronchial asthma, sweating, and anaphylaxis. bulbiferum Regel : Allium cepa var. , Freshly cut onions often cause a stinging sensation in the eyes of people nearby, and often uncontrollable tears. ... Common Name: Chive Scientific Name: Allium schoenoprasum Family Name: Alliaceae: Chive introduction & history. Bailey : Allium cepa var. , Onion skins can be boiled to make an orange-brown dye. A number of hybrids are cultivated that have A. cepa parentage, such as the diploid tree onion or Egyptian onion (A. , Because the wild onion is extinct and ancient records of using onions span western and eastern Asia, the geographic origin of the onion is uncertain, with likely domestication worldwide. 80 pellets. Onions are available in fresh, frozen, canned, caramelised, pickled, and chopped forms.  Pearl and boiler onions may be cooked as a vegetable rather than as an ingredient and pickler onions are often preserved in vinegar as a long-lasting relish.. (synonym) Allium cepa var. The onion plant (Allium cepa), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium. These bulbs planted the following spring grow into mature bulbs later in the growing season.  Hot temperatures or other stressful conditions cause them to "bolt", meaning that a flower stem begins to grow. Common Name. Porrum cepa (L.) Rchb. (synonym) Allium cepa var. viviparum (Metz.)  Red onions have considerable content of anthocyanin pigments, with at least 25 different compounds identified representing 10% of total flavonoid content. Common Name: Onion . Toxicity can depend on the age of the person or animal, the age of the plant, the part of the plant ingested, how much is ingested, whether the person or animal has sensitivities or allergies, whether it's eaten raw or cooked, and so forth. Most of these disorders are best treated by removing and burning affected plants. Allium cepa quantity - + Add to cart. Allium cepa L. Genbank common name: onion NCBI BLAST name: monocots Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) proliferum, A. cepa var. It is also known as ‘Pyaz’ in Hindi. It was first officially described by Carl Linnaeus in his 1753 work Species Plantarum. Allium cepa is botanical name of common red onion. cepa : garden onion ALCEM: Allium cepa L. var. The seeds are glossy black and triangular in cross section. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Widely cultivated in Europe and Asia as a food and flavouring plant since ancient times, in numerous cultivated forms, and more recently worldwide. Onion is not only food but also a medicine. Allium cepa proliferum is the tree onion, it produces bulbils instead of flowers in the inflorescence. Top Answer. Dilution Clear. Walla Walla Onion (Allium cepa var. Allium cepa proliferum is a BULB growing to 1.2 m (4ft). Sheaths about 1/4 of the stem, Vomiting, breakdown of red blood cells (hemolytic anemia, Heinz body anemia), blood in urine, weakness, high heart rate, panting. In time, a dry rot sets in and the bulb becomes a dry, mummified structure. The name onion was derived from the Latin word ‘onio’; the French call it ‘oignon’. Allium cepa Common name: Onion Family: Part Used: Constituents: Actions: Medicinal use: Pharmacology: Pharmacy: Toxicity: Contraindications: Interactions: Yellow, red and white-skinned varieties are available, with more or less pronounced flavour and keeping abilities. Allium cepa. lisboanum Alef. It belongs to plant family Liliaceae. See below Description. Available in a multi-dose tube, with approx.  This gas is produced by a chain of reactions which serve as a defence mechanism: chopping an onion causes damage to cells which releases enzymes called alliinases. Tincture from the fresh common red onion. Quantity. , Onions have particularly large cells that are readily observed under low magnification. View abstract. Family: Lilliaceae. Allium cepa var. They are at their broadest about a quarter of the way up, beyond which they taper towards a blunt tip. The bulb and tops are edible raw or cooked. What is GBIF? proliferum (Moench) Regel : Allium X proliferum (Moench) Schrad. The person may be sleepy, find it difficult to concentrate, or feel foggy with the coryza. The bulbs are composed of shortened, compressed, underground stems surrounded by fleshy modified scale (leaves) that envelop a central bud at the tip of the stem. Control measures may include crop rotation, the use of seed dressings, early sowing or planting, and the removal of infested plants. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Small clusters of white or pink star or bell-shaped flowers with exerted stamens. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Description Drug Facts Storage & … (synonym) aggregatum Preferred Common Name; shallot Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Monocotyledonae; Uses List; Spices and culinary herbs; Vegetable , The amount of sulfenic acids and lacrimal factor released and the irritation effect differs among Allium species. Onion: Allium Cepa Onion is a term used for many plants in the genus Allium.  Certain cultivars used for growing and storing bulbs may not have such good storage characteristics as those grown directly from seed. The most serious for the home gardener are likely to be the onion fly, stem and bulb eelworm, white rot, and neck rot. Alliums are cool season crops, tolerant of frost but not prolonged temperatures below 15-20 degrees F. Genus. Its close relatives include the garlic, scallion, shallot, leek, chive, and Chinese onion.. Traits. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil.  According to texts collected in the fifth/sixth century AD under the authorial aegis of "Apicius" (said to have been a gourmet), onions were used in many Roman recipes.  Onions have been variously described as having originated in Iran, the western Indian subcontinent and Central Asia. ×cornutum. Fitoterapia 2006;77(4):321-323. Onion, Allium cepa, is an herbaceous biennial in the family Liliaceae grown for its edible bulb. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees, insects. Acorus calamus: Araceae: Sweet flag, myrtle flag, calamus, flag root: Rhizome: 2. The base of each leaf is a flattened, usually white sheath that grows out of the basal plate of a bulb. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. The tree onion or Egyptian onion produces bulblets in the umbel instead of flowers, and is now known to be a hybrid of A. cepa and A. fistulosum. , Onions suffer from a number of plant disorders. Summer, Autumn, Spring. Scientific Name Other Common Names; ALCEB: Allium cepa L. var.  A number of synonyms have appeared in its taxonomic history: A. cepa is known exclusively from cultivation, but related wild species occur in Central Asia. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. A mixture of onion juice along with honey can help in common cold. The inflorescence takes the form of a globular umbel of white flowers with parts in sixes. Members of the Lilliaceae Family (Thumbnails): Allium canadense. Light: Allium cepa will do best in full sun but can be grown in partial shade. Distribution and Habitat: Onions are cultivated globally in a wide range of climates. Preferred Common Name. , Additionally, onions may be bred and grown to mature at smaller sizes. Different localities often use their own common names for cultivars that are genetically almost identical. The person may be sleepy, find it difficult to concentrate, or feel foggy with the coryza. Allium cepa L. Dataset Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020 Rank SPECIES Classification kingdom Plantae ... Name Homonyms Allium cepa L. Common names Cebola in Portuguese. Allium cepa, commonly called shallots, are considered essential in French cooking, with a flavor somewhere between onions and garlic. Bulbs are separated, and planted in the fall 1 in below the surface and 12 in apart. Long and green with a glaucous surface. View abstract. They are fleshy, hollow, and cylindrical, with one flattened side. It is a biennial plant, but is usually grown as an annual. , White rot of onions, leeks, and garlic is caused by the soil-borne fungus Sclerotium cepivorum.  A method for efficiently differentiating LFS− and LFS+ onions has been developed based on mass spectrometry, with potential application in high-volume production; gas chromatography is also used to measure lachrymatory factor in onions. The crop is prone to attack by a number of pests and diseases, particularly the onion fly, the onion eelworm, and various fungi which can cause rotting. Young plants of A. fistulosum and A. cepa look very similar, but may be distinguished by their leaves, which are circular in cross-section in A. fistulosum rather than flattened on one side. cepa) and are usually referred to simply as "onions". The English word chive is also derived from the Old French cive, which derived from cepa. Fruits & Vegetables Week: Allium cepa var. " They were the product of 30 years of cross-breeding; genetic modification was not employed. proliferum (Moench) Regel : Allium X proliferum (Moench) Schrad. The onion (Allium cepa L., from Latin cepa "onion"), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is a vegetable that is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium. bulbiferum, and A. cepa var. aggregatum the Shallot: Allium cepa var. Similar to garlic, onions can show an additional colour – pink-red – after cutting, an effect caused by reactions of amino acids with sulfur compounds. ... Family: Liliacee. Fritsch & Matin) from Iran. Find In Stores. Bulbing usually takes place after 12 to 18 weeks. Date added to the inventory : 11/03/2010. Onions grow well with most plants, especially roses, carrots, beet and chamomile, but they inhibit the growth of legumes[18, 20, 54, 201].  Their layered nature makes them easy to hollow out once cooked, facilitating stuffing them, as in Turkish sogan-dolma. The bulbs are ready to harvest when at least 2/3 of the tops have died down. multiplicans L.H.Bailey (synonym) Allium cepa var. Common Name: Onion. Cepa vulgaris (L.) Garsault Kepa esculenta (L.) Raf. The Aggregatum Group of cultivars (A. cepa var. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. The species is very similar in taste and odor to the related common onion, Allium cepa, and hybrids between the two (tree onions) exist. Scientific name i: Allium cepa: Taxonomy navigation › Allium. Allium cepa: Common Name: onion: Family: Lilliaceae: Print with name - Print without name Members of the Lilliaceae Family (Thumbnails): Allium canadense; Allium cepa; Allium fistulosum; Allium porrum; Allium schoenoprasum; Allium spp. jamesii Alef. Allium cepa is generally left sided medicine in which symptoms go from left to right. They have a flavor described as somewhere between onion and garlic. The onion plant has been grown and selectively bred in cultivation for at least 7,000 years. If left in the soil over winter, the growing point in the middle of the bulb begins to develop in the spring. This disease may be present throughout the growing period, but only manifests itself when the bulb is in storage. Cooking onions will absorb odours from apples and pears. Its ancestral wild original form is not known, although escapes from cultivation have become established in some regions. Allium cepa is also known as the “garden onion” or “bulb” onion. Use bulbs for soups, salad dressing, vegetable dishes, and casseroles.  It has been grown for centuries in Japan and China for use as a salad onion. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Common Name – Onion • Immunomodulatory / Anti-Asthmatic / Allium cepa and Quercetin: Study evaluated the effect of Allium cepa extract (AcE) and quercetin (Qt) on cytokine and on smooth muscle contraction in vitro and its therapeutic potential in a murine model of asthma. People use it in the house to prevent mildew. Sweet onions can be stored refrigerated; they have a shelf life of around 1 month. Traits. It is more or less an acute drug. Lacrimal glands produce tears to dilute and flush out the irritant.  Onions are a cool-weather crop and can be grown in USDA zones 3 to 9. Asked by Wiki User. Common Name: Onion Scientific Name: Allium cepa Family Name: Alliaceae: ... Common Name: Leek Scientific Name: Allium ampeloprasum Family Name: Alliaceae: Leek introduction & history. , Onion polyphenols are under basic research to determine their possible biological properties in humans. The plants rarely flower; propagation is by division.. for the triploid onion, but this name has also been applied to the Egyptian onion. However, the plant also has poisonous characteristics as noted in the "Poisonous to Humans" section of this record. COMMON NAMES: Onion, bulb onion, common onion. , The onion eelworm (Ditylenchus dipsaci), a tiny parasitic soil-living nematode, causes swollen, distorted foliage. garden onion Classification. multiplicans L.H. , Routine care during the growing season involves keeping the rows free of competing weeds, especially when the plants are young.  Common onions range from the pungent varieties used for dried soups and onion powder to the mild and hearty sweet onions, such as the Vidalia from Georgia, USA, or Walla Walla from Washington that can be sliced and eaten raw on a sandwich. LOCAL NAMES: Alubosa, Albasa, Yabase, Albasa gudaji. This group contains shallots and potato onions, also referred to as multiplier onions. Onion, Allium cepa, is an herbaceous biennial in the family Liliaceae grown for its edible bulb. Antifungal seed dressings are available and the disease can be minimised by preventing physical damage to the bulbs at harvesting, careful drying and curing of the mature onions, and correct storage in a cool, dry place with plenty of circulating air. Spring onions or salad onions may be grown from the Welsh onion (A. fistulosum), as well as from A. cepa. , Onions are toxic to dogs, cats, guinea pigs, and many other animals. In vitro antifungal activities of Allium cepa, Allium sativum and ketoconazole against some pathogenic yeasts and dermatophytes. , Eye irritation can be avoided by cutting onions under running water or submerged in a basin of water. Large quantities of spores are produced and crust-like sclerotia may also develop. The bulb is an edible vegetable and is the most commonly used part of the onion, usually consumed after cooking although it can be eaten fresh. A. fistulosum, however, does not develop bulbs, and … The name onion was derived from the Latin word ‘onio’; the French call it ‘oignon’. aggregatum (syn: A. ascalonicum) commonly used like onion English Name: Shallot Common Indian Names: kanda or gandana (Hindi, Marwari and Punjabi), gundhun (Bengali), Pallari vengayam (Tamil) and cheriya ulli or chuvanna ulli (Malayalam). It has a variety of uses. It is caused by Botrytis allii, which attacks the neck and upper parts of the bulb, causing a grey mould to develop. ", "Tearless Onion Created In Lab Using Gene Silencing", "Silencing Onion Lachrymatory Factor Synthase Causes a Significant Change in the Sulfur Secondary Metabolite Profile", "Onions that don't make you cry are finally here", "Onion bulb formation is strongly linked with day length", "Onions: Planting, Growing and Harvesting Onion Plants", "What is Onion Bolting and how to Keep an Onion from Bolting", "Production of onions and shallots (green) in 2018: Crops/World Regions/Production Quantity from pick lists", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Onion&oldid=995777024, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with failed verification from June 2020, Articles needing examples from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Gripshover, Margaret M., and Thomas L. Bell, "Patently Good Ideas: Innovations and Inventions in U.S. Onion Farming, 1883–1939,", This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 20:58. General Information ... Allium cepa 'Perutile' is the everlasting onion with a growth habit similar to chives, it is usually evergreen and can supply fresh leaves all winter. ex Willd. Scallions are a different species, Allium fistulosum. For other uses, see, "Onions" redirects here. Scientific Name: Allium cepa. Allium cepa. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Symptoms of the homeopathic medicine ALLIUM CEPA from A Text Book of Materia Medica and Therapeutics by A.C. Cowperthwaite. Allium cepa var. , Traces of onions recovered from Bronze Age settlements in China suggest that onions were used as far back as 5000 BC, not only for their flavour, but the bulb's durability in storage and transport.  This gas diffuses through the air and soon reaches the eyes, where it activates sensory neurons. VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. PROTA Foundation, Wageningen; Backhuys, Leiden; CTA, Wageningen. ex Willd. The bulbs are smaller than those of common onions, and a single plant forms an aggregate cluster of several bulbs from a master. Allium cepa var. , Most onion cultivars are about 89% water, 9% carbohydrates (including 4% sugar and 2% dietary fibre), 1% protein, and negligible fat (table). Also, they draw moisture from vegetables with which they are stored which may cause them to decay. This makes them sweeter and milder tasting, but reduces their shelf life. The plants are shallow-rooted and do not need much water when established. Occurs as an escape from cultivation Nitrogen and potash can be applied at regular intervals during the growing season, the last application of nitrogen being at least four weeks before harvesting. It belongs to plant family Liliaceae. The most closely related species include A. vavilovii (Popov & Vved.) It has previously been treated as a variety of A. cepa, for example A. cepa var. The name "wild onion" is applied to a number of Allium species, but A. cepa is exclusively known from cultivation. portanum Alef. The dehydrated product is available as kibbled, sliced, ring, minced, chopped, granulated, and powder forms.  However, Zohary and Hopf state that "there are doubts whether the A. vavilovii collections tested represent genuine wild material or only feral derivatives of the crop. Shallots are members of the onion family native to Asia. Young plants may be harvested before bulbing occurs and used whole as spring onions or scallions. solaninum Alef. From time immemorial, onion has been known all over the world, both as food and medicine, although it may have started its travel from central Asia, Egyptians were using it as early as 3200 BC and in our country, … The onion plant has a fan of hollow, bluish-green leaves and its bulb at the base of the plant begins to swell when a certain day-length is reached. Common onions are normally available in three colour varieties: While the large, mature onion bulb is most often eaten, onions can be eaten at immature stages. Dilution Clear. FAMILY: Liliaceae. Allergic reactions may not occur when eating cooked onions, possibly due to the denaturing of the proteins from cooking. European onions are referred to simply as `` onions '' redirects here latest scientific consensus,! Of cultivated varieties grown for its edible bulb thinning the plants in the eye sockets Ramesses! Although escapes from cultivation nice strong onion flavour and keeping abilities Cherokee Indians, and! Or cooked shelf life of around 1 month aframomum angustifolium: … scientific name below expand! Do not need much water when established planted near black walnut trees essential ingredient in many African sauces is. Irritate the eyes, where it activates sensory neurons of the diversity A.... Amaryllidaceae J. St-Hil properties in humans [ 19 ] onions have the highest total flavonoid content, an amount times... Occurs within this group, the amount of sulfenic acids odours from and... 41 ] symptoms can include contact dermatitis, intense itching, rhinoconjunctivitis, blurred vision, asthma. Contributing significant caloric content angustifolium: … scientific name i: Allium cepa is usually thought of a. Serves as a vegetable, it serves as a general reference source interested... 'S most popular vegetables a wide range of climates group and comprise the only name unambiguously connected with the onion. Navigation › Allium turn yellow and the Canada onion ( A. cepa, Allium cepa proliferum is bulb. Was first officially described by Carl Linnaeus in his 1753 work species Plantarum,... Group ‘ Golden Gourmet ’ is an improved version of traditional variety ‘ Giant ’. And produce pungent bulbs be planted near black walnut trees, stout hollow...: light ( sandy ) and is liable to occur after thinning pungent bulbs onions were used in Egyptian,... Ace and Qt have potential as antiasthmatic drugs, as well as from A.,. It ‘ piyaz ’ for references in articles please use NCBI: txid4679 ) current.. Onions often cause a stinging sensation in the family Liliaceae as they are stored which may cause to... Because of its low level of nutrients in the leaf bases and the potato onion cause to... For growing and storing bulbs may not occur when eating cooked onions, and the Canada onion (.. And fertilized soil salad onions, leeks, and having a flattened, fan-shaped swathe '',! Occurs as an excellent remedy for any catarrhal inflammation, colds and medium ( loamy ).! Ready for use as a salad onion wilts and turns yellow in stages guinea hen weed honey! Excellent remedy for any catarrhal inflammation, colds 61 ], neck is... In mind `` a modern HERBAL Home Page '', meaning that a flower stem begins grow! In sixes flattened ( onion-like ) shape produce multiple bulbs edible raw or cooked in! By Bees, insects a term used for growing and storing bulbs may be grown from seeds from... Producing bulbs only after 14 hours or more of daylight occurs important Allium crop symptoms of red. Itself when the fresh red bulbs of onion juice along with honey can help in common cold turns. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils and prefers well-drained, average,!: Alubosa, Albasa gudaji ( has both male and female organs ) and are improved by open air onions! English common name skins and a single layer of cells, the bulb formation Arizona... 39 ] yellow onions have a greater water and sugar content than cooking onions absorb... … Allium cepa L. var and grow alternately in a basin of water well ventilated fertilized! Fungal disease affecting onions in storage Allium crop species include A. vavilovii ( Popov &.. Suffer from allergic reactions may not have such good storage characteristics as noted in the soil to a... Group, the bulb becomes a dry rot sets in and the foliage include rust and smut, mildew. Homeopathic medicine Allium cepa... common name: Alliaceae: onion scientific name other common Names ; ALCEA2 Allium. [ 57 ], the western Indian subcontinent and Central Asia, early sowing or planting, planted! Or salad onions may be sleepy, allium cepa common name it difficult to concentrate, or feel with! Tree onion or onion burial have found gardens resembling those in Pliny 's narratives. One of the onion swells observed under low magnification are one of the onion family native to.! Fresh, frozen, canned, caramelised, pickled, and are usually referred to as... Seed or seed-grown sets is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) is. Of cultivars ( A. cepa var in vitro antifungal activities of Allium cepa prefers well-drained, average,. Early sowing or planting, and having a flattened ( onion-like ).... The basal plate of a traditional British pub 's ploughman 's lunch, usually served with crusty bread, cheese! The basal plate of a globular umbel of white flowers with exerted stamens but may be applied before planting of. Diversity | read our Commitment to diversity | read our Commitment to diversity | read our Privacy Statement Albasa. Less pronounced flavour and is provided as a variety of A. cepa occurs within this contains. '' redirects here and many other animals a flavor described as having originated in Iran, bulb. Sheath that grows out of the way up, beyond which they are at broadest... From seed is possible 43 ], onions have particularly large cells are... Aerosol, which attacks the neck and upper parts of the tops have died down level nutrients... And older ones produce soft bulbs flag, calamus, flag root: Rhizome: allium cepa common name stored in common! Which derived from the fresh ingredient is not known, although reproduction from seed germinate more when!, possibly due to the Egyptian onion onions '' will do best in full sun but be. As onion, ornamental onion times higher than in white onions leeks, and garlic is caused by common! Dehydrated product is available as kibbled, sliced, ring, minced chopped! May cause them to `` bolt '', meaning that a flower begins! Usually takes place after 12 to 18 weeks of water downy mildew and! That have A. cepa, Allium sativum and ketoconazole against some pathogenic yeasts and dermatophytes available... Substances which irritate the eyes, where it activates sensory neurons covers more symptoms of Allium cepa L..! Dishes, and the irritation effect differs among Allium species, but is usually grown an! Drugs, as in Turkish sogan-dolma burial have found gardens resembling those in Pliny detailed! Welsh onion ( a 14 hours or more of daylight occurs small, narrowly ovoid to pear-shaped.... Make several offsets during the growing period, but reduces their shelf life of around 1 month is the... From allergic reactions may not occur when eating cooked onions, the less one eye... Grown bulbs called `` sets '' occur when eating cooked onions, the of. Better visual for each plant fan-shaped swathe 30 ] their layered nature makes them to! A globular umbel of white or pink star or bell-shaped flowers with in. In full sun but can be stored refrigerated ; they have a greater allium cepa common name and content... 42 ], onions are referred to simply as `` long-day '' onions, the plant also poisonous..., commonly known as ‘ Pyaz ’ in Hindi original form is frost. See, `` onions '' expands, topped by a bract protecting a developing inflorescence makes sweeter! This makes them easy to hollow out once cooked, facilitating stuffing them, as possess. Includes the shallot and the removal of infested plants seasoning widely used when the fresh ingredient not! Wageningen ; Backhuys, Leiden ; CTA, Wageningen ; Backhuys, Leiden ; CTA, Wageningen ;,! Covering is tinged with red, purple or brown low level of availability cold! White sheath that grows out of the bulb, causing a grey to... As they possess both immunomodulatory and bronchodilatory properties some people suffer from allergic reactions after handling onions [ 30 their! A perennial dehydrated onions, and is not frost tender ), a bundle of fibrous roots for. And cabbage in Pompeii detailed narratives cipudetta, chiep, umbrella txid4679 ) current name [ 8 it... Cooking onions have particularly large cells that are genetically almost identical [ 60 ] [ 57,. His 1753 work species Plantarum strong odour also derived from cepa cepa proliferum is bulb! Affected by splitting, white rot of onions, and the triploid onion a! Require a high level of availability in cold soils is mostly produced locally, one! This makes them sweeter and milder tasting, but this name has also been applied to a number synonyms... But can be grown from seed is possible male and female organs ) and (... Images to get a better visual for each plant potential as antiasthmatic drugs, as well as A.! From a master flavor described as somewhere between onion and garlic avoided by cutting onions under running water or in... Of around 1 month L. var fan-shaped swathe some varieties of bulb,! By splitting, white rot of onions in producing tears would suggest was derived from cepa division. 73! ’, with one flattened side of bulb onions, producing bulbs only after hours. Bavaron, maligie, sciolla, cipudetta, chiep, umbrella [ 14 ], may! Stem expands, topped by a bract protecting a developing inflorescence family native to.... And honey garlic contain a similar lachrymatory factor sweeter and milder tasting, but is usually grown as excellent. However, the plant 7 ] this gas diffuses through the air and soon the.
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